Scandic Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews
ISSN 2703-965X

International Journal with High Impact Factor for fast publication of Research and Review articles

Nedre prinsdal vei 143, 1263 Oslo, Norway

Indian Hybrid Warfare since 2008: Impacts on Pakistan Security

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Vol. 2, Issue 6, MAY 2022

Submission : up to 29th April

Editorial decision: 48 hrs

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Nouman Ahmad¹, Abdul Haseeb² & Asma³

Publication history:


The study aims to highlight the Indian Hybrid Warfare, post 2008 Mumbai attack and its likely
impact on Pakistan Security. The study succeeds in the Exploratory, Descriptive, and Predictive
data analysis approaches. Both primary and secondary data was used to elaborate different aspects
of the entire study. This study conducted Structured Interviews of Pakistani, Indian and Western
retired military officers, diplomats, academicians with expertise in strategic studies.
Hybrid warfare is not a new thing but it comes from centuries like a strategy and comes out with
different perspectives. We know that India Pakistan is involve in this hybrid strategy from
centuries against one another. Since 1947 tell now we can do Covert operations against one
another. So, it is not a new concept in our context but in 2008 when Mumbai attack happened
against India. So, from post 2008 the change which occurred in Indian hybrid strategy was
phenomenal because before this such changes never happened which Impact on Pakistan Security However, the risk of limited war under the nuclear umbrella cannot be ruled out. Pakistan needs
to improve its conventional deterrence to make it costly any misadventure by India. The prospects
of direct military confrontation between India and Pakistan would decrease with an effective
conventional answer by Pakistan. The study argues that, the hybrid warfare strategy has been more
successful as compared to direct military engagement. Therefore, it is expected that this trend
would continue unless Pakistan overcomes its political, socio-economic and ethno-religious
vulnerabilities. The study determines that India and Pakistan cannot win against each other in any
direct or indirect military confrontation, however it is advisable that both states must overcome
their differences, resolve outstanding issues through consistent dialogue process in an amicable
way for long term peace and stability in South Asia.


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